The Effects Of COVID-19 Lockdowns

23 May 2020

On Website Downtime

In early March we noticed an increase in the overall number of downtimes logged at Downtime Monkey. This was when COVID-19 related lockdowns were beginning in many countries so we decided to dig into the data to see if there was a correlation. Here are the results...

graph of website downtimes increased due to COVID-19 lockdown - pro monitors
graph of website downtimes increased due to COVID-19 lockdown - free monitors
graph of countries verses lockdown start dates

The Graphs

The top two graphs show the total number of downtimes that occurred each day from 12 February 2020 to 18 May 2020 for websites monitored by Downtime Monkey. The top graph shows data from the Pro monitoring service while the second graph shows data from the Free service.

The third graph shows dates that COVID-19 related lockdown measures began in 16 countries.

The Data

Criteria for a 'downtime'

Both Free and Pro services use http monitoring to detect downtimes. Any website that responds with an http response that is not 20x (e.g. 200 OK) is logged as down. Also, if a website doesn't respond within 17 seconds it is recorded as down due to timeout.

Note that for the purposes of this study we haven't distinguished between downtimes of different duration - a site that is down for 1 minute and a site that is down for one hour are each counted as a single downtime.

Sample sizes

Free monitors: approximately 2000 websites submitted by 1000 users located all over the world.

Pro monitors: approximately 700 websites submitted by 40 users located mainly in North America, Europe and Australia/New Zealand.

Note that the number of monitors grew during the study. Specifically, increases of approximately 30% for Free monitors and 25% for Pro monitors occurred.

The increase in Free monitors was fairly linear with a few monitors added most days and the largest number of monitors (66) added on 20 April. The increase in Pro monitors was sporadic, with only 32 days where new monitors were added. The majority of new monitors (223) were added in a single day on 3 April.

Data differences between Free and Pro services

Free monitoring takes place solely from Downtime Monkey's main server in London, while the Pro service provides the option to use some, or all, of our global network of servers to prevent false positive downtimes. Without global monitoring, false positive downtimes can be caused by the network being down between our server in London and the website's server.

It's worth noting that the majority of sites monitored by the Pro service have at least one global server allocated, therefore network problems will have minimal effect on the Pro data while the Free monitoring data will include some false positive downtimes caused by network problems.

Lockdown Start Dates

Lockdown start dates were obtained from the Oxford Coronavirus Government Response Tracker. For simplicity the data was limited to 16 countries that are known to be home to a large number of web hosting servers. A more exhaustive range of lockdown dates by country is shown here.

Conclusion & Discussion

National recommendations and lockdowns largely began between 9 and 24 March.

Pro monitoring results show a very distinct stepped increase in downtimes between 9 and 11 March. As expected Free monitoring results are more noisy, but nonetheless show a significant increase in downtimes between 12 and 23 March.

It can be tentatively concluded that a correlation exists between COVID-19 related lockdown and increased website downtime. It will be interesting to confirm this by revisiting the study as countries gradually remove lockdown measures in the coming weeks and months.

Correlation or Causation?

Although a correlation has been shown it is not possible to prove causation here. However, it doesn't require a huge leap of logic to see that hosting providers may struggle to deal with problems efficiently when working with skeleton staff.

If you would like to monitor your own websites with Downtime Monkey, you can sign up for the Free service or check out our plans.

All Posts

 Scheduled Maintenance 17th June 2021

 US Text Alerts Updated For 10DLC

 Website Monitoring Prices Compared

 A Quick Study Of Response Time

 'Early-bird' Discount Ends November

 Downtime Logs... All In One Place

 Timestamps On Downtime Alerts

 Stats At A Glance

 The Effects Of COVID-19 Lockdowns

 Lockdown Bugfixes & Midnight Coding

 Greatly Reduced Server Loads

 Monitoring URLs With Query Strings

 New Year's Carbon Offsetting

 Keeping Your Web Host Honest

 New Pro Plans For EU Individuals

 New Downtime Alert Options

 New SMS Provider for the US

 Free & Pro Monitoring Compared

 New SCA-ready Payments System

 Global Website Monitoring

 Downtime Alerts: An Ideal Custom Setup

 Server Upgrade & IP Address Change

 Website Monitoring: Cheap vs Free

 Improvements & Bugfixes

 Website Content (Keyword) Monitoring

 Cheap Website Monitoring Pro Plans

 Spring Cleaning = Bug Fixing

 Bug Found & Fixed

 Server Upgrade Scheduled Completed

 Whitelist Email Addresses in cPanel

 Monitoring Software Awards

 Website Downtime Alerts To Slack

 Whitelist Email Addresses: Thunderbird

 Monitor Response Time

 Whitelist Email Addresses in Yahoo Mail

 How we improved accessibility by 42%

 Whitelist Email Addresses in Outlook

 Whitelist Email Addresses In Gmail

 Why Whitelist An Email Address?

 User Interface Improvements

 Free Email Support For All

 When is a website considered down

 Bulk import, edit and delete monitors

 Privacy, democracy & bureaucracy

 How Much Downtime is Acceptable?

 Feature: Custom Alert Times

 Server Upgrade Scheduled Completed

 Free Plan Upgraded to 60 Monitors

 New Feature: Rate Limit SMS Alerts

 How We Boosted Page Speed By 58%

 How To Reduce Website Downtime

 Making the Monkey

 How To Monitor A Website

 5 Tips for Website Internationalisation

 We're Live...

 Initial Development Completed